Ashkenazim on the Silk Road


world, and this valuable information was placed at the disposal of the Iranian rulers (and perhaps anyone who demanded it). The Jews of Iran wrote the book on capital and government and were determined to expand and strengthen their global trading network in the only possible way – conversion of populations along the Silk Road

Eran Elhayek – Lecturer in Population Genetics at the University of Sheffield, England

In the middle of the sixth century CE, the Ghanan hanaes of Central Asia were founded by the Hashina tribe that included Western China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan and southern Russia. Hashina was a tribe of semi-nomads of Iranian origin who were found to have great organizational talent. They united the local Iranian-Siberian tribes and created a Turkish confederation that challenged local forces. But the world is not strong, the Ogurs – another Turkish group – defeated the hanaes of Hashina and pushed them westward, giving them a second chance to start over. Hashina was quick to exploit the capabilities of their organization and their military talents and together with the local tribes established the Khazari Hanan. Hashina brought with them a shamanic religion, various languages ​​and customs, and a genetic fingerprint that testified to their Siberian origin and was foreign to the Caucasus and Europe. This DNA imprint is known as the Q-group on the Y chromosome. To date, about 2,000 ancient skeletons from around the world dating back to the last 15,000 years have been paved and only the populations of North Asia and America carry the Q group.

The Confederate Confederation carefully followed the instructions of the guide: “Building an Empire for Beginners, They Promised Religious Freedom, Respected Local Traditions, and in return gave Security and Possibilities of Livelihood and Trade, and soon became a powerful empire that cast a shadow over both the Roman-Byzantine Empire and the Caliphate Some of them still feel the terror of a Muslim, because, unlike other groups that took place at the dawn of history and disappeared without their name being known, the Khazars accepted the religion of the Jews and became the last tribes in the world to voluntarily accept Judaism.

A map showing the trade network of the Redhans - the Jewish merchants' guild, 870 CE, as evidenced by the impressions of Ibn Khuraddaba in the Book of the Roads and the Kingdoms.  From Wikipedia
A map showing the trade network of the Redhans – the Jewish merchants’ guild, 870 CE, as evidenced by the impressions of Ibn Khuraddaba in the Book of the Roads and the Kingdoms. From Wikipedia

It turns out that the unification of the North Caucasian tribes who spoke a mixture of languages ​​and believed in different beliefs was a relatively simple matter. The wise wishers quickly realized that their strategic position dominating the Silk Road came with significant revenue potential, but also with religious neighbors who were very jealous. It is hard to imagine that the police did not hear about the Jews. At the same time, the weight of the Jewish world was in Iran. The origin of the Jewish settlement in Mesopotamia was the offspring of the Assyrian Exile and the Babylonian exile of the elites of religion and government, to which the Jews of Khadib were added from the Assyrian kingdom. These Jews received courteous treatment from the authorities who granted them freedom of culture and religion. The assimilation not long in coming included the adoption of names, language and of course many of the local religious practices. The DNA of the Jews of Iraq and Iran looks exactly like the DNA of the locals. The Persian Empire that conquered Babylon continued its tolerant attitude toward the Jews, who, over time, became allies of the Iranian regime thanks to their great loyalty, success, and intermarriage. In this sense, Raleed Kushner (son-in-law of President Donald Trump) and Mark Mazewinsky (husband of Chelsea Clinton) did not discover America. In exchange, the Iranian government gave them a monopoly on trade that greatly enriched them. The Jews plowed the silk roads and reached China. In order to preserve their monopoly, they invented secret languages ​​that included a mixture of Aramaic, Hebrew, Persian and invented words. In my opinion, the goods that the Jews transported (slaves, women, sheep, silk, and honey) fell in value from the immaterial goods that the Jews transmitted through secret languages ​​and cultural codes – information. The Jews were Google, Facebook and Twitter of the ancient world and this valuable information was placed at the disposal of the Iranian rulers (and perhaps all who demand it). The Jews of Iran wrote the book on capital and government and were determined to expand and strengthen their global trading network in the only possible way – conversion of populations along the Silk Road. The Jews plowed the silk roads and reached China. In order to preserve their monopoly, they invented secret languages ​​that included a mixture of Aramaic, Hebrew, Persian and invented words. In my opinion, the goods that the Jews transported (slaves, women, sheep, silk, and honey) fell in value from the immaterial goods that the Jews transmitted through secret languages ​​and cultural codes – information. The Jews were Google, Facebook and Twitter of the ancient world and this valuable information was placed at the disposal of the Iranian rulers (and perhaps all who demand it). The Jews of Iran wrote the book on capital and government and were determined to expand and strengthen their global trading network in the only possible way – conversion of populations along the Silk Road. The Jews plowed the silk roads and reached China. In order to preserve their monopoly, they invented secret languages ​​that included a mixture of Aramaic, Hebrew, Persian and invented words. In my opinion, the goods that the Jews transported (slaves, women, sheep, silk, and honey) fell in value from the immaterial goods that the Jews transmitted through secret languages ​​and cultural codes – information. The Jews were Google, Facebook and Twitter of the ancient world and this valuable information was placed at the disposal of the Iranian rulers (and perhaps all who demand it). The Jews of Iran wrote the book on capital and government and were determined to expand and strengthen their global trading network in the only possible way – conversion of populations along the Silk Road. Facebook and Twitter of the ancient world and this valuable information are placed at the disposal of the Iranian rulers (and perhaps anyone who asks). The Jews of Iran wrote the book on capital and government and were determined to expand and strengthen their global trading network in the only possible way – conversion of populations along the Silk Road. Facebook and Twitter of the ancient world and this valuable information are placed at the disposal of the Iranian rulers (and perhaps anyone who asks). The Jews of Iran wrote the book on capital and government and were determined to expand and strengthen their global trading network in the only possible way – conversion of populations along the Silk Road.

At that time, the Greeks, Slavs, Greeks, and Slavs lived in the southern Black Sea, as much as commercial and religious curiosity. Already in the early centuries, these populations embraced Judaism. They translated the Bible into Greek, established synagogues and continued to develop the trade network, despite the fact that the Jews of Asia remained transparent in terms of the Talmudic rabbinate, first because they were far from Babylon and Jerusalem, and the rabbis were not historians and saw no need to document Jewish communities. And the third was because Judaism was a particularly peculiar mutation in which Jewish relations with the Roman government were normal, women served in synagogues and as community leaders, and worst of all, this Judaism rejected circumcision and broke one of the most important economic engines of Orthodox Judaism In this sense, the Jews of Asia Tena were pre-Reform. Despite differences of opinion, no religious authority doubted kashrut their money. The Jews of Asia Minor contributed generously to Herod’s temple and even to subsequent yeshivas. At some point these Jews adopted the name Ashkenaz. The choice of the name was not accidental, the region where they lived was known as the homeland of Ashkenaz, Noah’s great-grandson. The neighbors to the north – the Scythians – were called Aramaic Ashgouza and Ashkenazi Hebrew. The DNA signature of today’s Ashkenazim was created in the northeast of Turkey at the intersection of ancient trade routes between four ancient villages whose names were derived from the word Ashkenaz, a place I called “Ashkenaz” Old City “since this is the only place in the world that bears references derived from the word” Ashkenaz “. And you will receive a distinguished dynasty that is better not to deal with. The DNA signature of the modern Ashkenazim was created in northeast Turkey at the intersection of ancient trade routes between four ancient villages whose names were derived from the word Ashkenaz, a place I called Old Ashkenaz, since this is the only place in the world that bears references derived from the word “Ashkenaz”. And you will receive a distinguished dynasty that is better not to deal with. The DNA signature of the modern Ashkenazim was created in northeast Turkey at the intersection of ancient trade routes between four ancient villages whose names were derived from the word Ashkenaz, a place I called Old Ashkenaz, since this is the only place in the world that bears references derived from the word “Ashkenaz”.

The Ashkenazim enthusiastically adopted anti-rabbinic Judaism, which included refraining from eating pork, avoiding worship of idols, and observing the Sabbath. The Ashkenazim expanded the all-Jewish trade network to central and western Europe and some of the merchants began to settle there. The Ashkenazim also expanded northward, and when they reached Kazaria they were disappointed to find that the Khazars’ political intuition fell far short of their economic outlook. Capitalism was foreign to the Khazars (Karl Marx called European Jews pre-capitalist) and they were not ashamed to admit it. In the eighth century the Khazars adopted non-rabbinic Judaism and turned it into state religion. It was not a mistake. The Khazars became so rich that it was said that the silver coins had run out of the Roman Empire. It is difficult to determine the extent to which the tribes that were under the Khazars accepted Judaism. The peoples living today within the boundaries of the historical arena are not the ones who lived there in the past, but it is to be hoped that studies in ancient DNA will answer this question. Judaism adopted many Slavic customs, such as breaking a glass at a wedding and placing stones on graves. At that time Slavic Yiddish began to develop in a mixture of Irish, Turkish, Aramaic, Greek and Slavic languages ​​as a secret language for the Jews of Eastern Europe. Alongside Iranian Yiddish and Turkish Yiddish, which were annihilated on a different side of the world. Jewish kazaris also began to strike roots in the Balkans and Eastern Europe.

At the end of the ninth century the Jewish empire began to crumble. First, because the Khazars stood before three defeated armies (the Russians, the Muslims, and the Mongols) who struck them from every direction and were joined by the Black Death. Second, because both the Khazars and the Ashkenazim failed to develop an industry with the wealth they accumulated. The money did not seep down and military inventions that could change the campaign like gunpowder were not used to achieve military advantage. With the disintegration of the empire began the massive penetration of the Jews to Europe, the East through Ukraine and south through Italy. The DNA of the Jews of Rome looks like the DNA of Greco-Greeks and attests to their pagan past. In the fall of the Jewish kingdom between the 12th and 10th centuries, the all-Jewish trade network collapsed, the East parted from the West and the Jewish Facebook bank went bankrupt. The Jews of Iran and Ashkenaz met again only after a thousand years of loneliness. Yiddish was no longer a secret language but was the main language of the Jews of Europe, However, because of the proximity to the German tribes, she annexed many German words while maintaining the Slavic grammar and was given the unflattering nickname “Broken German.” The monopoly on trade was now occupied by the Italians, the Dutch, the Danes, and the Jews were pushed into less lucrative trades. When they adopted surnames in the 17th and 18th centuries, the Jews of the Zeira preserved their Khazar heritage and the Khazars’ memories of the surnames of Cohen, Kahan and their derivatives. The Y chromosome origin of some of the Levites is from Asia Minor. One might assume that these were descendants of the pagan sorcerers who continued to serve in the sacred. The DNA of the priests and the Levites is also found in ancient Ashkenaz. The origin of the mitochondria (inherited through the mother) of the Ashkenazim is in the peoples of Europe and not in the Levant. When they adopted surnames in the 17th and 18th centuries, the Jews of the Zeira preserved their Khazar heritage and the Khazars’ memories of the surnames of Cohen, Kahan and their derivatives. The Y chromosome origin of some of the Levites is from Asia Minor. One might assume that these were descendants of the pagan sorcerers who continued to serve in the sacred. The DNA of the priests and the Levites is also found in ancient Ashkenaz. The origin of the mitochondria (inherited through the mother) of the Ashkenazim is in the peoples of Europe and not in the Levant. When they adopted surnames in the 17th and 18th centuries, the Jews of the Zeira preserved their Khazar heritage and the Khazars’ memories of the surnames of Cohen, Kahan and their derivatives. The Y chromosome origin of some of the Levites is from Asia Minor. One might assume that these were descendants of the pagan sorcerers who continued to serve in the sacred. The DNA of the priests and the Levites is also found in ancient Ashkenaz. The origin of the mitochondria (inherited through the mother) of the Ashkenazim is in the peoples of Europe and not in the Levant.

A memorial plaque to a Vilna Gaon near the site of the synagogue where he worked.  Photo: Avi Belizovsky
A memorial plaque to a Vilna Gaon near the site of the synagogue where he worked. Photo: Avi Belizovsky
Map of the Kingdom of the Khazars.  From Wikipedia
Map of the Kingdom of the Khazars. From Wikipedia

Hashina and the other Khazar tribes that carried the Q group on their Y chromosome were assimilated into Ashkenazim and constituted at least 4% of this group. A stroll through family trees of key figures in European Jewry, such as the Vilna Ga’on and the banking family Oppenheim shows that the affair continued to hold key positions in the public and in commerce, and recently reminded Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu that he was one of the descendants of the Gaon of Vilna.

Comparing the Ashkenazi genus to ancient genomes from the Middle East confirms their Central Asian past. The ancient Levantine element in the Ashkenazi genus is about 3%, the same percentage as the average European shared with Neanderthals. The Ashkenazi genome is mostly Iranian and a minority European. The Levantine component is dominant among the Bedouin (68%) and the Palestinians (58%). It seems that genetic studies will never be able to determine whether the Palestinians are descendants of the Jews for the simple reason that there is no reason to assume that the Jews were genetically different from the Canaanites. However, I agree with Shlomo Zand’s conclusion that the Jews converted to Islam in order to evade the payment of the tax, and without a doubt the anger of the extremists who consumed the 600 years between the destruction of Herod’s temple and the Arab conquest in futile rebellions. As long as the DNA of the Jews has not been paved, the genetic research in the field is incomplete and the true chapter in the story is still open. By then, the Levant people will continue to dance at the longest masquerade ball in the world.

https://www.hayadan.org.il/origin-of-ashkenzim-1910184

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.